Democratic Republic of the Congo
The Democratic Republic of Congo is party to all the major international treaties relating to climate change. The country has put in place at the internal level a national strategic framework for the fight against climate change to comply with the international commitments to which it has subscribed. It also set the required institutional and legal framework that translates the national vision and commitments in terms of climate change.
The Democratic Republic of Congo essential elements of the NDC are as follows: reference year: 2000; commitment period: 2021-2030. Type of contribution: conditional. Sectors: Agriculture, Forestry and Energy. GHG emissions reduction level: 17%. Financial supports needed: 21.622 billion USD (Adaptation: 9.082 billion USD; Mitigation: 12.540 billion USD).
It’s noted a remarkable state of progress in The Democratic Republic of Congo’s updated NDC, that considered: the ambition revised upwards (from 17% to 21%); waste management and transport sectors added in addition to the first 3 (Renewable Energy, Forests and Land Use, Sustainable Agriculture); the contribution of the DRC to the financing needs of the NDC will not exceed 2%. Regarding for the DRC’s updated NDC, the financial supports needed for its implementation is about 48.68 billion USD (Adaptation: 23.08 billion USD and Mitigation: 25.60 billion USD)
On strategic and planning sides, The Democratic Republic of Congo established its (i) National communications (three national communications already submitted since 2000). (ii) The National Action Program for Adaptation to Climate Change (PANA). (iii) The National Adaptation Plan (NAP), the first phase in the process of finalization and the second phase in progress. (iv) The National Strategy for Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA). (v) the National REDD+ Strategy, as well as a dedicated fund: FONAREDD (National REDD+ Fund).
The Democratic Republic of Congo is building a strong public-private partnership (PPP) regime that is inspired from the modern system adopted by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). It’s a regime of institutional structures and a legal framework intended to protect contractual and property rights to attract private investors to participate in the development of public infrastructure.
- Capacity building on reliable information and data
- Capacity building in the calculation of GHG emissions in the design of different sectoral projects affected by the issue of climate change (Energy; Agriculture; waste management and transport; forest and land use).
- Capacity building on gender mainstreaming in climate project development
- Technical assistance in preparing and submitting eligible climate projects and programs requests
- Large energy potential,
- Infrastructure development needs,
- Large rainforests,
- Hydrographic system,
- Central Congo Basin Peatlands that form the largest peat swamp forest area in the tropics (Estimates of organic carbon reserves pass to 30 Giga tons …). Their protection will have to pass through a diversity of investments (Energy source, agriculture in certain specific parts, infrastructures, and public-private entrepreneurship through community initiatives).
- Provision of data and information for the country’s SCF profile (09 March 2022)
- Participation in regional SCF webinars